direct outokumpu nickel flash smelting process


Rect Outokumpu Nickel Flash Smelting ProcessFlash smelting of copper and nickel concentrates takes place in a furnace with reaction shaft Outokumpu flash smelting process The process gases are cooled in a special waste heat boiler The products are traditionally processed further on in a converter -direct outokumpu nickel flash smelting process-,Distribution equilibria and slag chemistry of DON smelting Equilibrium fluxing chemistry and metal value distributions of nickel matte smelting in the one-step direct nickel matte technology have been determined experimentally at 1350–1450°C in MgO-bearing iron silicate slags at silica saturation …… Get More

Rect Outokumpu Nickel Flash Smelting Process

Flash smelting of copper and nickel concentrates takes place in a furnace with reaction shaft Outokumpu flash smelting process The process gases are cooled in a special waste heat boiler The products are traditionally processed further on in a converter

Distribution equilibria and slag chemistry of DON smelting

Equilibrium fluxing chemistry and metal value distributions of nickel matte smelting in the one-step direct nickel matte technology have been determined experimentally at 1350–1450°C in MgO-bearing iron silicate slags at silica saturation

BACKGROUND REPORT PRIMARY COPPER SMELTING Prepared for

The Outokumpu flash smelting furnace is characterized by five major components • concentrate burners which combine dry particulate feed with oxygen-bearing blast and direct the mixture in suspension form downward into the furnace • a reaction shaft where most of the reaction between oxygen and sulfide feed particles takes place

Flash smelting ipfs io

Flash smelting Finnish Liekkisulatus is a smelting process for sulfur-containing ores 1 including chalcopyrite The process was developed by Outokumpu in Finland and first applied at the Harjavalta plant in 1949 for smelting copper ore

A thermodynamic model of nickel smelting and direct high

A thermodynamic model has been developed to predict the distribution behavior of Ni Cu Co Fe S As Sb and Bi in the Outokumpu flash-smelting process the Outokumpu direct high-grade matte smelting process and the INCO flash-smelting process

Flash smelting and converting furnaces A 50 year

1999 marked the 50th anniversary of the Outokumpu flash-smelting process Originating during the post-World War II energy crisis flash smelting is a high-intensity process developed to attain ever-increasing throughputs and intensities Many innovations and continuous development ensued during the

outokumpu copper process chemical reactions

Outokumpu Direct toBlister Process Slag the chemical reaction of CO recttoblister process employed at the copper plant Głogów was investigated 1949 The startup of Outokumpu copper flash smelting process 2002 OMG Harjavalta Nickel Oy starts the nickel chemical erated in the exothermic reactions of Chat Now THE DEVELOPMENT AND

Flash smelting Wiki Everipedia

Flash smelting s wiki Flash smelting Finnish Liekkisulatus

Flash Smelting ScienceDirect

This book explores flash smelting in general and Outokumpu and Inco flash smelting in particular and also presents a mathematical description for the flash smelting process A set of mass and heat balance equations that can be used to describe steady state smelting under autogenous or nearautogenous smelting conditions is developed

direct nickel flash smelting sand washing machine

copper nickel ore flotation equipment Blister Flash Smelting Process is In the Direct in particular if modern flash smelting Energy and Environmental Profile of the U S Mining Industry 5 Energy and Environmental Profile of the U S many companies are now using flash smelting to less than a few parts per million for sale and/or direct

direct outokumpu nickel flash smelting process

direct outokumpu nickel flash smelting process Our business covers more than 100 countries and regions around the world many famous companies choose us we have won praises from customers with products and services

Flash Smelting Process Outotec

The Outotec Flash Smelting Process is one of the world's most commonly used processes for the production of primary copper and nickel The process is based on our flash smelting principle which utilizes the internal energy of the feed material for smelting minimizing the need for external fuel and making the process very energy efficient

ENVIRONMENTAL LOAD OF THE COPPER AND NICKEL MANUFACTURE

1959 The start-up of Outokumpu nickel flash smelting process 1960 Outokumpu nickel cathodes production starts 1971 The start-up of the oxygen plant 1995 The start-up of AGA hydrogen plant 1995 The direct Outokumpu nickel process DON 2000 American OMG buys hydrometallurgical part of Outokumpu nickel manufacture

Marja Riekkola-Vanhanen Finnish expert report on best

Only the pyrometallurgical flash smelting process is in use in Finland to recover nickel from sulphide concentrates and it is the main process described in this report

flow diagram of the direct outotec copper flash smelting

Outotec Flash Smelting Process The Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting Process was first implemented at Harjavalta Smelter in Finland Simultaneously with the adoption of the new process the nickel production was doubled

OUTOTEC FLASH SMELTING TECHNOLOGY

Outotec Flash Smelting technology is suitable for both Flash Smelting process in collaboration with customers Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting DON This process enables high-grade nickel matte to be produced using a single flash smelting furnace It allows

Smelting & Reduction vscht cz

The reduction smelting process involves the reduction of oxidic sources of metals with carbon in the Furnaces used in smelting process reverberatory direct electric arc circular blast flash smelter rectangular etc lead copper nickel and zinc Figure 4 10 The effect of varying the pressures of the product gases of the reactions

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